Saturday, December 28, 2013

Federation Queen Anne style

Federation Queen Anne style

[previous page: Four Federation Housing styles Next page: Federation Filigree style]

Yes they are fussy buildings, but they're also great fun to see! 
Caerleon, located in Bellevue Hill, Sydney, was the first Queen Anne Style home constructed in Australia.
Caerleon, located in Bellevue Hill, Sydney, was the first Queen Anne Style home constructed in Australia.

  • Look at the whimsy, the theatricality!
  • How many other Australian Houses give so much satisfaction to the viewer?
  • Can you see an elaborately dressed woman with a laced bonnet in her features?
  • The Queen Anne style promoted 'Sweetness and Light' and shows a feminine decorative influence, compared to the more muscularFederation Bungalow style with its solid turned verandah columns.

TV Star: Architect John Horbury Hunt designed Camelot  at Camden in the late 1880's
TV Star: Architect John Horbury Hunt designed Camelot at Camden in the late 1880's

Derived from English and American styles that revived elements from the domestic country architecture of Queen Anne’s reign (1702-14), these picturesque Federation houses are deliberately complex, creating a kind of vigorous grandeur.
  • Plans invariably have one room projected forward, (assymetrical frontage) covered with a gable,
  • often with other gabled rooms projecting sideways from the main body of the house -

    We distinguish between
  • Queen Anne, also known as Free Classical style for commercial buildings
  • American Queen Anne, and
  • Federation Queen Anne styles, also known as Federation Free Classical style.
    Queen Anne style houses built before Federation are well represented in Melbourne's inner suburbs, where they were built in (gold-mining) boom times of the 1870s and 1880s. (See Melbourne Queen Anne page)
English Queen Anne style house, Maida Vale, London - no verandah
English Queen Anne style house, Maida Vale, London - no verandah

English "Queen Anne" (revival) style:

  • This was an English style promoted by famous architectRichard Norman Shaw, and probably was derived from imported Dutch, Queen Anne period, and English cottagestyles.
  • This style combined fine red brickwork, often in a warmer, softer finish than the Victorians were characteristically using...
  • varied with terracotta panels, or tile-hung upper stories,
  • with crisply painted white woodwork, or blond limestone detailing:
  • oriel windows, often stacked one above another,
  • corner towers, asymmetrical fronts and picturesque massing,
  • Flemish mannerist sunken panels of strapwork,
  • deeply shadowed entrances, broad porches, in a domesticated free Renaissance style

The Queen Anne (revival) style of period house lasted for the second half of the 19th century, from 1860 until 1900. 
  • It has no real connection with the architecture of Queen Anne herself who reigned from 1702 to 1714,[1](although her sister Mary married William of Orange, who then invaded and ascended to the throne of England, bringing with him a host of Dutch influences, including gabled architecture, and sash windows).
  • This illustration (above) shows a very Dutch gable, with other strong Dutch architectural influences outlined below.

Australian Federation Queen Anne Style


Gabled, high-pitched roof
  • made of slate or terracotta tiles.
  • surmounted by terracotta ridging with finials,
  • tall chimneys
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Bare, tuck-pointed bricks often of two tones
  • red bricks across the facade
  • sometimes browner 'town' bricks on side walls
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Double hung, or casement;
  • formal rooms have leadlight glass windows
  • bay windows to the front;
  • fanlights and transom windows of coloured glass
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Doors have leadlight in upper part of door,
  • may have leadlight glass in surrounding door-set
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Verandah across at least part of the facade (frontage)
  • Later homes often have a 'return' verandah;
  • Square or turned verandah posts with decorative timber work
  • Floor of patterned tiles
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In General

  • Usually asymmetrical design ('picturesque'),
  • Formal bedroom projects forward from house
  • The massing of the building (eg most features) toward
    the front of the house
  • Art Nouveau influence evident in the flowing, curved
    designs of leadlight, tiling, and timber fretwork
  • Nationalistic representations both within the interior
    and on the exterior of the house
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Queen Anne style includes....
Burwood's (NSW) 'Alba Longa' 4 Appian Way with Gothic tower, red brick walls and white-painted window woodwork. Even the garden is period style, the better to see this fanciful home

  • classical but without following the rules of proportion
  • hipped roofs with steep sides (imitating English country thatched cottage roofs)
  • lead or copper coated cupolas over turrets andoriels.
  • ribbed chimney-stacks
  • gables, either straight or (curvy) Dutch
  • tile-hung walls, in red brick
  • Dutch or Flemish door surrounds i.e. pilasters, half round stucco design over top
  • three-sided bay windows (rather than the second-storey oriels used in England)
  • brick pediments and pilasters
  • white-painted woodwork
  • sash windows with small panes in the upper half
  • or casement windows with leaded lights
  • fan-lights (windows above doors, including internal doors)
  • brick aprons below (bay) windows
  • fretwork, verandah friezes or wrought iron work
  • decorative terracotta embellishments with designs such as sunflowers (UK only)
    - from Bricks & Brass

external image 250px-Carson_Mansion_Eureka_California.jpgexternal image WestMalingSydney0004.jpg
The Carson Mansion, located in EurekaCalifornia, is widely considered to be one of the highest executions of American Queen Anne style.Tudor styled 'West Maling', Queen Anne Federation home, 663-665 King Georges Road Penshurst, Sydney This style was also called Tudor revival

In Australia, the Queen Anne style was absorbed into the Federation style,
  • which was, broadly speaking, the Australian equivalent of the Edwardian style,
  • derived from the influence of Richard Norman Shaw, an influential British architect of the late Victorian era.

Federation Queen Anne style

Gothic styled 'Olmora' 308 Burwood Rd, Queen Anne Federation home, Burwood, Sydney with characteristic white painted woodwork, finial on turret, terracotta ridge ornaments
Gothic styled 'Olmora' 308 Burwood Rd, Queen Anne Federation home, Burwood, Sydney with characteristic white painted woodwork, finial on turret, terracotta ridge ornaments


steeply pitched roofs, with at least one gable end facing the street and often an octagonal turret
  • widespread ornamentation, including terracotta ridge cappings, finials, dragons and gargoyles (more so in Victoria);
  • fretted frieze panels and post brackets, squared verandah posts,
  • chimney cornices and terracotta pots
  • leadlight windows and fretwork featuring patterns ranging from geometric to extravagant art nouveau designs -


  • ceilings often divided into panels ornamented with plaster straps and shallow patterns with (delicate) art nouveau motifs
  • frequent use of timber panelling on lower walls in front rooms
  • fire-places and ingle-nooks (seated fire surrounds).
    Elaborate Gothic Queen Anne designed 'Vallambrosa' 19 Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney
    Elaborate Gothic Queen Anne designed 'Vallambrosa' 19 Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney
  • Walls with picturerails and sometimes wall-paper, using art nouveau patterns
  • pressed metal or painted plaster

Distinctive Features:

  1. Front verandas with elaborate timber decoration
  2. Bay windows using quadruple casements,
  3. Tiling on the patio floor and entry paths
  4. Brickwork in a deep red or dark brown, often with a mix of the two
  5. Roofs of typically slate or terracotta tiles with decorative gables,
  6. Roofs have timber features, motifs, tall chimneys andfretwork
  7. 'Witches Hat' roofing
  8. Decorative leadlight windows
  9. Circular windows (known as bulls-eye windows)


  1. Plasterwork,
  2. High ceilings
  3. Timber features.
The style as it developed in Australia was highly eclectic, blending Queen Anne elements with various Australian influences.
    Urrbrae House, Urrbrae,
    Urrbrae House, Urrbrae,
    Old English characteristics like ribbed chimneys and gabled roofs were combined with Australian elements like encircling verandahs, designed to keep the sun out.
  • One outstanding example of this eclectic approach is Urrbrae House, in the Adelaide suburb of Urrbrae, South Australia, part of the Waite Institute. See also Urrbrae House, Glen Osmond
  • Another variation with connections to the Federation Queen Anne style was the Federation Bungalow, featuring prominent verandahs. This style generally incorporated familiar Queen Anne elements, but usually in simplified form.

Some prominent examples are:

'Colonna' 304 Burwood Road
'Colonna' 304 Burwood Road
'Olevanus' 6 Appian Way
'Olevanus' 6 Appian Way
'Amalfi' 2 Appian Way
'Amalfi' 2 Appian Way
'Vallambrosa' 19 Appian Way
'Vallambrosa' 19 Appian Way
'Mevania' 7 Appian Way
'Mevania' 7 Appian Way
  • Caerleon, 15 Ginahgulla Road, Bellevue Hill Sydney (sold for $22 million in January 2008)
  • Annesbury, 78 Alt Street, Ashfield
    78 Alt Street Ashfield.jpg
    Annesbury, 78 Alt Street, Ashfield

Caerleon, Bellevue Hill

Caerleon is a two-storey Queen Anne home built in 1885 in Bellevue Hill, Sydney NSW. The house, was designed for a member of the Fairfax family, Charles B.Fairfax. The architectural design was English.
Caerleon is a two-storey Queen Anne home built in 1885

This house represents a rich example of Queen Anne elements:
  • red brick walls with stone dressing, terracotashingles,
  • balconiesbay windowsverandahs,
  • leadlight windows and elaborate chimneys.
  • It is said to have been the first Queen Anne home in Australia and
  • set the tone for the Federation Queen Anne homes that were to become so popular (i.e. no Gothic influence)
  • It was sold for $22 million in January, 2008.

Earliest Queen Anne in Australia:

These houses, although built around the same time, had distinct styles: 
  • Melbourne Houses show Gothic influences
  • West Maling displaying a strong Tudor influence that was not present in Annesbury.
The Queen Anne style soon became increasingly popular, appealing predominantly to reasonably well-off people with an "Establishment" leaning.

81 Muston Street Mosman
81 Muston Street Mosman

Mosman Heritage Federation Queen Anne

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Next page: Federation Filigree style

  1. ^

Roscraig, Hobart's Grand Home

Roscraig, 21 Mortimer Avenue Mount Stuart, Tasmania

[Previous post: Peppermint Grove, W.A. Heritage ... Next post: ]

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Historic Tasmanian home with department store fame

By Jennifer Duke - Friday, 20 December 2013 at
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Noted as one of Hobart's 'true' mansions, 1905-built Roscraig was constructed for Mr Brownell, the owner of Brownell Brothers Ltd, the first department store in Hobart.
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General Features:
  • Property Type:House
  • Bedrooms: 4
  • Bathrooms: 2
  • Building Size: 330.00 m² (36 squares) approx
  • Land Size: 2246 m² (approx)
Other Features
  • Close to Schools,Close to Shops,
  • Close to Transport,
  • Fireplace(s),
  • Garden,
  • Formal Lounge
external image floorplan_thumb.png$$176.6234-18
Interactive Tour

external image virtualtour_thumb.png$$176.6234-18
Indoor Features:
  • Toilets: 2
  • Air Conditioning
Outdoor Features
  • Carport Spaces: 2
  • Open Car Spaces: 4
FloorplanVirtual Tour

  • The property is on approvimately 2,246 square metres on the high side of the road, and has views over New Town, North Hobart, the Hobart Docks and the Eastern Shore.
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  • The four-bedroom, two-bathroom home, 21 Mortimer Avenue, Mount Stuart, includes an operational original servants bell and six car spaces.
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  • The pictures show beautiful stained glass windows and period-features, such as bay windows and fireplaces.
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Iconic mansion
  • "Steeped in proud history this is one of Hobart's true mansions. 'Roscraig' was was built in 1905 for Mr Brownell who was the owner of Brownell Brothers Ltd, a large department store in Hobart. Designed and constructed as a mark of status everything about this residence symbolises prosperity.
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  • "Imposingly nestled on approx. 2,246sqm of land on the high side of the road this property offers a fabulous panorama with a lovely vista over New Town, North Hobart and the Eastern Shore as well as a lovely snapshot of the Hobart docks area.
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  • "Luxuriously proportioned with stunning, original features throughout there are numerous options for accommodation and living areas. With even the servants bells still operational this is an opportunity to secure a magnificent home in an exquisite residential enclave within a stone's throw from the wonderful North Hobart cappuccino strip."
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  • It's currently listed asking for $1.2 million. RP Data records show that previously, it was bought in 2005 for $650,000, having been purchased for $205,500 in 1987.
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  • Brownwells originally began as David Moses' London Mart, which was a drapery and general store builty in 1836. It then became Brownwell Brothers in 1888, according to The Companion to Tasmanian History, before becoming a public company in 1902.
  • It was remodelled in the 1950s with American techniques, becoming Tasmania's largest department store, before being taken over by Myer in 1959.