Tudor Revival Style in AustraliaOther Descriptions: Elizabethan Revival, Neo-Tudor, Tudoresque, Mock Tudor, Tudorbethan, Half-Timbered, Stockbroker's Tudor
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|Lancaster's Stockbroker Tudor|
|Development of the Tudor Revival Style|
The Tudor historical period began in 1485 with Henry VIII's father (Henry VII, whose mother, Margaret Tudor, entrusted him to the care of his uncle, Jasper Tudor, Duke of Bedford) and lasted until the death of Queen Elizabeth, the Tudor Queen in 1603.
Pictured: King Henry VII, King Henry VIII, Queen Elizabeth 1 (Click image for larger view)
Tudor homes are characterized by their
Pictured: Mill Street, Warwick; Anne Hathaways Cottage; The Shambles, York (Voted UK's Prettiest Street);
|Construction details of historic Tudor houses|
|Penshurst Village Hall, UK, showing Tudor framework, and chimneys. Renovated to half-timber by the Rector's son Maxwell Maberlay Smith in 1898.|
|Southampton's most important historic building: Front view of Tudor House. A timber-framed building facing St Michael’s Square, built in the late 15th Century|
In most medieval houses, there was only a central open hearth for the fire, with hoods or vents to let the smoke out above, but no chimney.
|The Sixteenth century external chimney moved into the house in later times.|
A Tudor arch is a pointed archway with a greater span than rise. Basically, it's wide and short. The arch is a product of the English Gothic style of medieval architecture, popular under the Tudor Dynasty (1485-1603).
The Elizabethan Age was one of the high points in English domestic architecture. After the intrigues and economic doldrums of the court of Henry VIII and the short reign of Mary Tudor - known as Bloody Mary for her penchant for creating Protestant martyrs - the reign of Elizabeth I was marked by stability, prosperity and growing confidence.
|Great gatehouse at Hampton Court, Surrey|
Hampton Court is the country’s finest remaining Tudor palace (built 1515), and was one of Henry VIII’s favourites. He acquired it when Cardinal Thomas Wolsey fell from grace in 1529, and he spent £60,000 extending it over 10 years – roughly equivalent to £19 million today.
Sutton Place, 3 miles north-east[n 1] of Guildford in Surrey, is a Grade I listed Tudor manor house built c. 1525 by Sir Richard Weston (d. 1541), courtier of Henry VIII. It is of great importance to art history.
|Burton Agnes Hall|
Robert Smythson, Master Mason to the Queen (Elizabeth 1) was a builder much sought after whose style defined the stately manors of the age.
These three Smythson houses, all open to the public, are among the best examples of his work:
Burton Agnes Hall, near Beverley and the coast in East Yorkshire, is one the few houses for which Smythson's plans still exists, kept in the library of the Royal Institute of Architects (RIBA).
Hardwick Hall, more glass than wall is a saying that quickly grew up around the house Smythson built for serial widow and fabulously wealthy 16th century celebrity Bess of Hardwick.
Longleat House, one of Smythson's earliest projects and the first of the so-called "inside-out" houses, was completed around 1580.
Queen Elizabeth I was a guest there in 1574.
James Malton: The most significant influence on the Tudor Revival was the work of James Malton, and publication of his book An Essay on British Cottage Architecture in 1798.
|Leyswood near Withyham|
In Australia, the English cottage style tended to have a (much) steeper roof pitch than the Aussie bungalow and seldom were rafter ends exposed (as compared to the Federation style).
|16 Grandview Grove Toorak Gardens SA|
The most obvious examples of Tudor Revivalist buildings in Australia have
Not everyone liked the Tudor Revival style.
Tudor Revival type of architecture was so intertwined with politics that Robert Bell Hamilton, who has been described as Australia’s foremost proponent of the Tudor Revival style, became the member for Toorak for the Liberal and Country Party.
|23 Redgum Avenue Killara, NSW 2071|
|19 Locksley St., Killara, NSW 2071|
A significant architect known for designing beautiful homes on the Upper North Shore:
Pictured above: 123 Kensington Road, Norwood SA built by and for Eric Danker and his sister.
From Old House Online January 2018 (USA)
"House exteriors ran from somber to whimsical—but the interiors were thoroughly modern for the times.
"The early wave of English Revival houses was upscale, often featuring two-storey Great Halls with baronial fireplaces and expensive paneled walls.
Choose a warm color scheme (e.g. crimson, yellow, and orange), with brown as the base neutral. Add touches of blue and green for contrast.
As in Arts & Crafts dining rooms, wainscots were taller than those in Colonial Revival houses. Damask wall coverings were appropriate over wainscots.
Some Tudor features are decorative and some are meant to provide protection from the elements.
|English oak chest with complex linenfold panels.|
Rothbury, 46 Arnold Street, Killara NSW; Old English style house Killara; 2 Grosvenor St. Wahroonga;
6 Ray ave, Vaucluse, NSW 2030; 12 Eulbertie Ave Killara; 1262 Pacific Highway, Turramurra, NSW
|Mount Caeburn, Suffolk Ave Collaroy NSW|
Murphys Avenue, Keiraville, NSW 2500
|Gleniffer Brae, Murphys Avenue, Keiraville, NSW|
|Glenifer Brae; Wollongong Conservatorium of Music|
|Rothbury, 46 Arnold Street, Killara NSW|
|Brown Gables, 6 Ray Ave., Vaucluse, NSW 2030|
Sold on 29 Mar 2017 for $4,800,000
'Brown Gables' is a rare authentic example of Tudor style architecture in a dress-circle enclave renowned as one of Sydney's best addresses.
Designed by renowned architect Emil Sodersten in neo-Tudor style, the full brick c1928 residence combines traditional heritage elegance with a stylish contemporary floorplan.
Architect EP Trewern's Brisbane architectural practice, established in 1920 and maintained until his death in 1959, proved highly successful. During the interwar years he was influential in popularising Georgian revival style in Brisbane commercial building and Spanish Mission and Old English/
Tudor Revival style in Brisbane residential architecture. (From Wikipedia: Santa Barbara, New Farm)
In Queensland, building a Tudor revival style home was considered a statement of wealth and prosperity and according to the blog 'Interwar Brisbane'
From 'Brisbane between the Wars': from the late 1920s, homes of brick, concrete, fibro and tiles became more popular, partly because new construction techniques for brick veneer dwellings reduced the quantity of bricks required and therefore the cost.
Pictured above: Typical 1930s Tudor style house at Ascot Queensland 1958; Large Tudor style home in Hamilton; 2 Donaldson Street Greenslopes, Qld 4120; 132 Windermere Road, Hamilton QLD 4007; Two storey mansion owned by Woodwards at Pullenvale, ca. 1944
The Tudor style in Adelaide is characterised by steeply pitched gables at the front of the home.
|Springfield House, Adelaide with Tudor style second floor addition|
|Hampton Lucy, 41 Austral Terrace Malvern|
A charming & elegant home offering impressive frontage and street appeal.
|The Elizabethan Revival, Hobart Government House of Tasmania|
Hidden behind an impeccably tidy and impenetrable hedge stands High Peak, one of Tasmania’s most adored family homes.
|'High Peak', a Queen Anne Tudor style house on the slopes of Mt Wellington TAS|
|High Peak, Neika, Hobart, Tasmania|
|Hathaway Home for Aged, 15 Fitzroy Place, Sandy Bay, TAS|
This is a large, two storey, Federation Queen Anne style house. The building is picturesque and asymmetrical.
The ground floor is built of tuck pointed red brick and has a bay window, central entrance and verandah with fretwork balustrade.
The upper level is half-timber with pebble-dash panels. There are ceramic finials on the ridge ends of a tiled roof.
Windows are casement type with lead-glazed upper sections. The house's name, 'Hathaway', is emblazoned over the entrance arch beneath an archivolt.
The house is set in a garden of large exotic trees within a streetscape of imposing houses exhibiting wide stylistic variation and which are generally sited on large blocks with established gardens. The front garden area has been changed to a car parking area but a large oak remains and is a feature of the street.
|8 Christine Avenue, Devon Hills, Tasmania|
The upstairs area comprises a large master bedroom with ensuite and walk-in wardrobe, and four extra bedrooms including a charming storybook children’s bedroom.
Parattah is a small township in Tasmania, located approximately 6 kilometres (4 mi) southeast of the town of Oatlands. At the 2011 census, Parattah had a population of 360.
|Parattah Hotel, built in 1889|
The area is home to about 100 families, and contains many historic buildings, such as a farmhouse which was once home to Hudson Fysh, one of the founders of Qantas, and a historic railway station.
The main street contains a number of attractive dwellings dating from the town's heyday, some of which are currently undergoing restoration. The village retains the original general store, the impressive Tudor style 'Parattah Hotel' and a number of historic churches.
The village retains the original general store, the impressive Tudor style 'Parattah Hotel' and a number of historic churches.
The Parattah Hotel was built by W. Cheverton to plans by George Fagg for the Parattah Hotel Company. Illus. Nat. Trust News, No. 85, Oct. 1983, p.5
|'ENGHOLM HOUSE', 404 Glenferrie Road Kooyong, Vic 3144|
'ENGHOLM HOUSE' c1911
A grand residence by revered architect Harold Desbrowe-Annear, updated in the 1930s by Marcus Martin. Architect Marcus Martin designed a number of fine homes in areas such as South Yarra and Toorak, from the 1920s through to the ’50s.
Read more about these interiors
|The $8m Toorak property is a c1920 English style residence|
architect Robert Hamilton,
The Heritage-listed house at 2 Ledbury Court, Toorak is a large, double-storey Old English style residence designed by architect Charles Neville Hollinshed.
|2 Ledbury Court Toorak, Vic 3142|
Elements that contribute to the significance of the place include (but are not limited to):
How is it significant?
Why is it significant?
|$11 million Edzell, Toorak|
|Edzel House. Photo: State Library of Victoria, Image Number: a31558.|
From Old House Online (USA)
Refers to the first half of the 16th century and the reigns of the Tudor monarchs (1485–1558): Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VI, and Mary I. Like Elizabethan and Jacobean, Tudor falls between the Perpendicular Gothic before it and the classical Palladian style that would follow. Houses of the Tudor period are known for their domesticity; less like the fortresses of the past, they offered specialized rooms for study, dining, and sleeping. Finishes included linen-fold paneling and plaster relief ceilings. Mullioned (divided) windows and oriels, flattened Tudor arches, brickwork combined with half-timber construction, tall gables, and decorative chimneys predominated.
Suggests the continuing influence of the Gothic during the early Tudor period. Turning their attention to domestic building, church craftsmen continued in the Gothic tradition but began to adapt Renaissance motifs. Heavy (timber) construction predominated.
The “golden era” defined by the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603). Literature and poetry flourished in this time of Shakespeare and the English Renaissance. The style designation “Tudor” is often assumed to include this period’s influence.
A reference to the reign of King James I (1603–1625). It is the second, more obviously Renaissance period of English architecture, after the Elizabethan.
A word coined in the 1930s to refer to English Revival architecture after 1830 that combined elements of Elizabethan and Jacobean architecture. In the early 20th century, American “baronial” houses were called Jacobethan.
Understood to be a conscious, romantic revival of late- and post-medieval vernacular architecture, starting with designer William Morris and architect Richard Norman Shaw in England during the 19th century. The sweeping, so-named Tudor Revival in America was an Anglophile phenomenon in the suburbs of the 1920s and later. Another Tudor Revival occurred during the 1970s; those houses were often called Mock Tudor.
A pointed reference to the bourgeois houses of the 1920s built by conservative new money.
For ideas on appropriate interiors for Tudorbethan houses, see the Queen Anne style guide.
(This blog describes American Tudor Style houses quite well)- Archived here for future reference