The rear garden could be used to grow vegetables and fruit trees, similar to our recent gardening style.
- "Stands of trees, such as the Monterey cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) were used as hedges.
- The inclusion of specimen trees, such as liquidambars, jacarandas and oaks, were also a common sight in this style of garden and were planted if the room was available.
- Exotic looking palms, such as the fan palms (Trachycarpus fortunei), were also found in federation gardens." -Don Burke
- Wrought iron, picket fencing
- Formal geometric garden layouts
- Well defined borders (eg. a low wall, brick or tile edge between garden beds and a path or lawn)
- Cacti, succulents, bulbs, perennial borders
- Greater diversity of plants (most gardeners were plant ‘collectors’)
- Brick or gravel paths
- Decorative structures (pots, furniture)
- Bird baths and sundials
- Arches and gazebos -- Source
Popular Federation Garden PlantsThe nineteenth century was a time when many new plants were discovered and brought into cultivation. People at this time favoured plants with striking architectural foliage as well as those with attractive flowers.
- Aspidistra Agapanthus, Buxus hedges, Fruit trees, Hellebores, Hydrangeas, Ivy,
- Palms, Pelargoniums, Quince, Roses, Succulents and cacti, Wisteria