Saturday, November 20, 2010

Kianga: Vaucluse Federation House

Kianga - Vaucluse Federation House

Justin Hemmes' Vaucluse home for sale
Justin Hemmes' Vaucluse home for sale

Historic ... Justin Hemmes' new Vaucluse home. Source: The Daily Telegraph
Jonathan Chancellor PROPERTY EDITOR
November 21, 2010
The high-profile Hemmes hotelier clan has added another property to its portfolio with a $12.6 million purchase.
Either Bettina Hemmes, the low-profile interior designer daughter of the family, bought Kianga, a five-bedroom Federation house in Vaucluse at auction yesterday (20/11/2010); or entrepreneur Justin Hemmes finally bagged his own home yesterday, paying $12.6 million for the historic Vaucluse home in Sydney's eastern suburbs.
Typical bay window with arch and elaborate stained glass, all with matching design
Vaulted timber work is typical of the Federation style - possible made of red cedar, now the rarest of our timbers.
Note the elaborate architraves, original patterned ceiling, and the beautiful stained glass windows with matching decoration
Note the sewing or writing nook in the corner, another Federation feature.
Bullnose stained glass windows are uniquely typical of Federation design
The verandah is supported by sandstone columns, adding a 'bungalow' look to the house. Notice the exposed rafters which once would have been visible externally, before the roller shades were installed.
Hemmes, accompanied by his father John, made the winning bid for Kianga at 20B New South Head Rd yesterday.
It was sold by Rebel Sports and Barbecues Galore founder Sam Linz and his wife Barbara, who paid $6.2 million for the ornate property in 1989.

The Ivy hotel owner, wearing a T-shirt and jeans, was relaxed as he bid against only one other potential buyer, although there was speculation that he was buying on behalf of his sister, Bettina Hemmes. The auction stalled as the selling agents, who had listed the property at $15 million, pleaded unsuccessfully with Hemmes to up his bid.
The house, with ornate period details, has wrap-around balconies and sweeping harbour views. It was the 21-room Ormond Hall private hotel during the 1950s.

The purchase could trigger a shuffle within the Hemmes household. Justin Hemmes may soon take up residency in his parents John and Merivale's gothic-style Vaucluse beachfront estate The Hermitage. Pioneering fashion retailers John and Merivale may downsize to Bettina's now redundant Rose Bay beachfront house.

Kianga, which last sold in 1989 for $6.2 million, was listed for sale by the Bondi Beach-bound couple Sam and Barbara Linz, who bought it from the freight tycoon-turned-art collector Pat Corrigan. Since entrepreneur Sam Linz migrated to Australia from South Africa in 1981 he has backed successful businesses including Rebel Sport, Barbeques Galore and the Norgen-Vaaz ice-cream chain.

There were two bidders at the auction. The successful bidding was done by Justin, who was accompanied by his father.
Bettina and partner Dominic Angelucci turned up after the auction with their children and her mother, after whom the family empire is named.

The home was sold through Elliott Placks at Ray White, in conjunction with Bart Doff at Laing and Simmons.
The house, with ornate period details, has wraparound balconies and sweeping harbour views. It was the 21-room Ormond Hall private hotel during the 1950s.

It was the dearest of the 600-plus listings put to auction yesterday, according to Australian Property Monitors.

Queen Anne restoration

Road to riches or a bottomless pit?

BECKY BARKER May 8, 2010 Sydney Morning Herald
[Previous page: Books about Federation Housing Architecture Next Page: Kianga: Vaucluse Federation House ]

An example of a Federation era house.
An example of a Federation era house.

'People love old houses' say architect Clive Lucas
Becky Barker seeks advice on whether reviving historic houses is really worth it.
If you believe the hype on TV renovation shows, it seems anyone can make a million by restoring an old building. But does it pay to buy a piece of Australian history and restore it with period precision?
The general manager of property valuer Herron Todd White, Michael McNamara, is not convinced. At a recent auction of an authentically restored Victorian semi in Sydney's inner west, crowds flocked to view the house but no one bid for it.
The facade of the carefully restored 1894 Queen-Anne style home
The facade of the carefully restored 1894 Queen-Anne style home
Click for more photos

A labour of love

The facade of the carefully restored 1894 Queen-Anne style home
"Some people go too far," he says. "There were beautifully restored ceilings, big original skirting boards and cornices. It was like walking through a museum. It's probably one of the greatest myths that you can buy an old house and make money by restoring it to the glories of yesteryear."

But despite the prospect of poor rewards or even bankruptcy, hundreds of people embark on heritage renovations every year. Last year, Woollahra Council received 91 applications to alter homes with heritage significance in Paddington, Woollahra and Watsons Bay alone. Heritage architects say buyers adore these character charmers.

"People love old houses," says architect Clive Lucas, of Clive Lucas, Stapleton and Partners. "Some want to live in a museum environment - they collect furniture and antiques and want a setting that suits."
Having worked on the restoration of Old Government House in Parramatta, Australia's oldest intact Georgian mansion, he understands the detective work required to achieve an authentic result.

"We scrape back old wallpaper and woodwork to find original colours," he says.
"Some councils will ask for colour schemes but this can be a bit premature when you have to do the work first to find out what was there in the first place."

Such large projects are rare but there are plenty of rich pickings available for the first-time restorer. McGrath Inner West agent Simon Pilcher says if you can buy a period property for a good price in an up-and-coming area, it can be personally and financially rewarding. In March, he sold a Victorian terrace in Newtown, bought for $1 million about three years ago, for $1.275 million. It had undergone a minor makeover including polishing floorboards, repainting and installing new carpets. "Sellers can make around 20 to 30 per cent more if they sell well-renovated older-style properties," Pilcher says.

And David Boddam Whetham, of Boddam Whetham architects, says extra funds are available. "Councils offer grants of up to $10,000 to certain [heritage] projects," he says.
But Pilcher's colleague, Michael Glynn, cautions: "Councils are principally concerned about retaining facades and rooflines. "Don't try to fake it."

Nailing it: How to achieve the look of Australia's principal architectural styles

Colonial 1788-1840

Usually simple single-storey. Large front verandah which may run around house.
Twelve-paned double hung windows on either side of a central front door, often with arched fanlight above.
Door sometimes flanked by two or more pillars.
Get the look
Try to use second-hand sandstone brick with flecks of black and grey. Most roofs are pitched corrugated iron but traditionally they were made from timber shingles, slate or imported iron tiles. Timber floors and lime-washed walls throughout.

Victorian terrace 1840-1890

Narrow, single or two-storey, painted, cement-rendered façade, small front verandah and balcony with upper-level french doors to iron balustrade. Steeply pitched slate or corrugated iron roof, often hidden behind parapet. Prominent chimney.
Get the look
Use existing features to help source decorative lace ironwork (avoid cheap reproductions) and traditional patterned tessellated porch tiles. Repair or reinstate rectangular fanlight above front door. Render brick to look like stone. Paint door dark green or red. Black came later.

Victorian weatherboard cottage 1840-1890

Simple and modest, single-storey design.
Corrugated iron roof, timber boards and timber or cast iron verandah posts on porch. Lace balustrade.
Prominent pitched roof.
Get the look
Imitate similar properties in the area. Use materials to match existing features, such as authentic timber boards. Ensure adequate under-floor ventilation.
Remove later additions such as aluminium windows, replace with traditionally sized timber ones. Avoid high fences and carports out front.

Federation 1890-1915

Single and double storey, front verandah with decorative timber handrails and turned timber pillars. Porch and entrance hall tiling. Usually built of deep red or dark brown brick or a mix of both. Terracotta tile roof, multiple gables and exterior motifs. Leadlight windows.
Get the look
Try to match original building materials with regards to tiles, floorboards and bricks. Retain and restore sought-after original features such as high ceilings and ceiling roses.
external image labour-of-love_9_600-600x400.jpg
Federation house in Queen Anne style, without prominent chimneys.
external image labour-of-love_1_600-600x400.jpg
The lounge room of Patricia Bradley's lovingly restored Federation house.
external image labour-of-love_2_600-600x400.jpg
Bay window in Victorian arch. Original upper panes would be coloured glass
external image labour-of-love_3_600-600x400.jpg
The ceiling rose, suspended lighting as lamp covers, and highly decorated ceiling in the Victorian style
external image labour-of-love_4_600-600x400.jpg
Bay window as a 'nook' for reading or hobby craft, wooden decoration is typically Federation
external image labour-of-love_6_600-600x400.jpg
Frieze and Victorian decoration, not typical of Federation style
external image labour-of-love_11_600-600x400.jpg
Patricia Bradley’s 20-year quest to restore her home, and its facade, to its former glory has proved a major success.
external image labour-of-love_12_600-600x400.jpg
Bay window shows original coloured glass typical of the period

Arts & crafts 1910-1920

Romantic, cottage-type feel and simplicity.
Set in grounds of rambling garden, asymmetrical and informal shape.
Fanciful features include bay windows, motifs, carved posts, leadlight windows and clay tile or slate roof with ornamental brackets, corbels and tall chimneys.
Get the look
Aim for rendered stucco, pebble, brick walls and stone bases. Shingles were also incorporated. Employ a skilled carpenter as the hand-made look typifies the style. Create an attractive garden to complement.

Californian bungalow 1915-1940s

Sturdy appearance, single storey with a two to three-gabled, low-pitched roof, terracotta roof tiles and large pillars supporting a front verandah. Stained glass windows, decorative ceilings, painted gables with battens or shingles.
Get the look
Dark brick exterior with sandstone, face brick, painted render and pebbledash on columns. Though traditionally painted dark colours, lighter colours are now more fashionable and brighten the façade.

Monday, April 19, 2010

The Library: Books about Federation Housing Architecture

Well, it had to happen some day, that most books on such Federation topics are now collectors' items.

These are the books that will be most helpful. More details will be added as they become available.
Towards the Dawn . Federation Architecture in Australia 1890-1915, Trevor Howells and Michael Nicholson, 9780868064785, Hale & Iremonger, Sydney 1993 Out of Print
9780701819095.jpgThe Federation House , Australia's Own Style, by H Fraser and R Joyce,
9780701819095, Landsdowne Press, Sydney, 1986, Out of Print
The Federation House , A Restoration Guide, Ian Evans, Winner National Trust Heritage Award,
9791875253141, The Flannel Flower Press, Mullumbimby NSW 2004, available from Dymocks Wynyard , $39.95
Australian House Styles , Maisy Stapleton and Ian Stapleton, The Flannel Flower Press 1997,
9791875253134, reprinting.
Visions of a Republic , the Work of Lucien Henry, Paris, Noumea, Sydney, edited by Ann Stephen, Powerhouse Publishing Sydney 2001, 9781863170789, papercover and hardcover, scarce. Try at the Powerhouse Museum web shop.
Designing Australia , Readings in the History of Design edited by Michael Bogle, Pluto Press, Annandale NSW 2002
9781864831737, papercover with flaps, scarce.

Fine houses of Sydney . Houses of historical importance, Robert Irving, John Kinstler, Max Dupain, Sydney : Methuen Australia, 1982.(out of print, scarce)

Wednesday, April 14, 2010

Appian Way Burwood

From Wikipedia:
Appian Way is a street located in the suburb of Burwood in SydneyNew South WalesAustralia.
The state heritage listed Appian Way has been described as one of the finest streets of Federation houses in Australia. The picturesque houses create an asymmetrical, multi-gabled roofscape with a variety of materials used such as slate and terracotta tiles and feature varied designs. The houses are complemented with landscaped gardens, lawns and a nature strip with Brush Box trees. The serpentine street runs between Burwood Road and Liverpool Road with a communal reserve that has been converted into a lawn tennis club.
Homes in the street are designed in various Federation styles. Many are in the Federation Queen Anne style, but other styles are also represented. Erica and St Ellero are designed in the Federation Arts and Crafts style, while Casa Tasso and Ostia are just two out of several examples of the Federation Bungalow style.[1More at Wikipedia:


Also known as the Hoskins Estate, Appian Way was a model housing estate conceived by a wealthy industrialist, George J. Hoskins on 8 hectares of land that he purchased at the start of the 20th century. More at Wikipedia:
external image Burwood_Appian_Way_1.JPG
Later Queen Anne style, quite restrained.
external image 800px-Burwood_Appian_Way_5.JPG
Typical Federation style, however chimneys are quite special, because they are not square with the frontage on the right.
external image 800px-Burwood_Appian_Way_6.JPG
Queen Anne style roof treatment, with Arts and Crafts features (eg wonderful chimney treatment)
external image 800px-Burwood_Appian_Way_7.JPG
Beautiful, elegant Federation style, with bull-nose windows, and brick features
external image 800px-Burwood_Appian_Way_8.JPG
A Federation Bungalow, featuring a large bay window and matching verandah
external image 800px-Burwood_Appian_Way_9.JPG
Beautifully detailed timber verandah posts with portico at the front door, and very interesting window treatment on the North West wall. - "Caso Tasso", Federation Bungalow style, characterised by the prominent verandah
external image 800px-Burwood_Appian_Way_10.JPG
An Arts and Craft style bungalow with pebble-dash walls and chimneys - "St Ellero", (in the Federation Arts and Crafts style)
external image Burwood_Appian_Way_11.JPG
Asymmetrically placed portico and asymmetric roof hipping, a bungalow with smaller verandah.
external image SydneyBuilding0126.jpg
Erica, also in the Arts and Crafts style
external image SydneyBuilding0128.jpg
Ostia, another Federation Bungalow, with extensive verandah and hipped roof-line.
external image SydneyBuilding0125.jpg
St Ellero, a home in the Federation Arts and Crafts style

Friday, April 9, 2010

Burwood Federation House 'Tilba'

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Iconic Burwood house to be bulldozed

30 Mar 10 @ 03:56pm by Lana Lam
Iconic Burwood house to be bulldozed
Iconic Burwood house to be bulldozed

Tilbar on 92 Liverpool Rd Burwood Heights is set to be bulldozed

A majestic early 20th century house in Burwood Heights will be demolished after a last-minute plea to protect the building as a heritage item failed this week.
A 40-day emergency protection order on Tilba, a large, two-storey Federation-style house at 92 Liverpool Rd, ended on Tuesday and no extension was granted by the Planning Minister Tony Kelly.
Urban Apartments director George Elias, who bought the 1650sqm block last year, was granted approval by Burwood Council to bulldoze the house last December but had to halt this when the emergency order was granted to allow for an assessment of Tilba.

A spokesman for Mr Kelly said officers from the Planning Department’s heritage branch had found Tilba was ``not of state heritage significance’’ and no interim heritage order would be granted which would have protected the house for another 12 months.

Burwood District Historical Society president Jon Breen, who has been at the forefront of a campaign to save the house, said he was ``pretty gutted’’ by the decision.
Burwood Mayor John Sidoti was planning to call an extraordinary council meeting for Wednesday night to discuss the house.

“We’re looking at advice at what we can do,’’ he said.
“It’s just totally wrong. Once an item is gone, it’s gone. It’s sad.’’
Mr Elias, who bought the house and land for $2.8 million, said he was pleased with the decision.
“I never expected to have a clear run,’’ he said.

“I expected a few hiccups because this place has been painted and renovated nicely.’’
He said the previous owner and representatives from the Planning Department visited the house last Monday to assess the possible heritage value of the building.

“(The previous owner) changed the floorboards, the chimney, ceilings, the balcony, the fireplaces,’’ Mr Elias said.
“So basically, the place was changed. He renovated it to suit his taste and lifestyle.’’

Mr Elias said he would not be sending in the bulldozers this week.

“No, there’s no reason, no rush to knock it down tomorrow.’’
He said he had ``no plans yet’’ for the site and has yet to lodge a development application.
“I’d like to work with the community rather than find a reason to create animosity.’’
Strathfield State Labor MP Virginia Judge said she would be following up the issue.
“I will be asking Burwood Council some serious questions as to why this property was not placed in a conservation zone,’’ she said.

Fight to save Tilba underlines heritage neglect

March 22, 2010
Tilba, the 1913 Edwardian-style Burwood Heights residence, faces demolition. Its new owner, the developer Farah Elias, wants to build a three-storey unit block.
Its fate rests with the Planning Minister, Tony Kelly, who has given Tilba a 40-day reprieve to assess its heritage merits, following public concerns expressed through the local member, Virginia Judge.
Tilba represents an early skirmish in the unfolding battle across Sydney between those who want ever more housing and those who seek to preserve what we value.
Virginia Judge ... fighting to save Tilba from demolition.
Virginia Judge ... fighting to save Tilba from demolition.

Virginia Judge ... fighting to save Tilba from demolition.
It is among hundreds of worthy houses that at the very least contribute to the character of the suburb. Many would argue that it does more, and ought to have been listed long ago by Burwood council on its local environment plan.

But Tilba, and many like it, face the prospect of virtual overnight demolition, now that private certifiers are allowed to approve demolition and development, all without notifying neighbours.

This has been allowed by the heritage and planning laws, initially sought by the then planning minister Frank Sartor in 2007, which passed through Parliament last year under Kristina Keneally's stewardship.
The five-bedroom Liverpool Road house that sits on a 1650-square-metre block sold last November for a record $2.8 million. Most people inspecting it assumed its meticulous restoration would lead to a new family taking up residency, following in the footsteps of its first occupant, produce merchant Alfred Berwick.
Tilba sits on the ring of properties surrounding one of Sydney's most renown streetscapes, the National Estate-listed Appian Way.

Appian Way was a model housing estate conceived by a wealthy steel industrialist, George Hoskins, who turned eight hectares of land known as Humphreys Paddock into an estate of 36 spacious, low-set bungalows surrounding a village green. Its development coincided with the garden city movement, the urban planning approach founded in 1898 by Sir Ebenezer Howard in Britain.

About 30 of the original houses still stand within the Appian Way.

While the Appian Way is somewhat protected, surrounding houses have no such surety. Indeed, the last comprehensive heritage study undertaken by Burwood Council was in 1986. Only about 250 of its 5500 houses are on its heritage list.

Many other councils have similarly neglectful heritage lists, which often involved little more than a survey done from behind a car windscreen some three decades ago. These were done shortly after the National Trust hit its strides after the Wran government's 1977 heritage legislation.
Camden, which has the pioneer spirit deep into its veins, protects just 100 properties. Only 120 houses are protected across the Cooma-Monaro shire.

Hunters Hill ranks among the thorough councils, with almost 600 properties on its list, along with Ku-ring-gai's 700 and Woollahra's 800.

Jon Breen, the president of the Burwood Historical Society, is hoping for a mayoral minute from John Sidoti, and council support at tomorrow's meeting, which might just help save Tilba